In India, goat farming is highly profitable as it requires minimum investment. As Goat farming involves the raising and breeding of all domestic goats, it can be done in small to large industrial scale. A branch of animal husbandry, Goats are farmed mainly for their meat, milk, fiber, and skin. If you are thinking of starting a goat farm, here are nine facts you should know.
1. Historically, places where farming was carried on dry lands, were enriched with the presence of goats. Dray land farmers were not likely to own large parcels of land and would therefore more conduce to the minimal risk and investment that goat farming needed. Goats are hence rightly known as “poor man’s cow” since it has promises of good return that can serve as an investment source.
2. Multifunctional and Multiuse, Goats play an important part in rural economy of the landless and marginal farmers in India. Apart from milk and meat, they also supply natural weeding of food plants.
3. Minimal open space is needed to rear goats. Arid ground may support 2 to 4 goats per acre while green pastures can sustain as many as 6 to 8 goats per acre.
4. As a thumb rule, 10 goats can graze an acre in about one month. However, there have been instances where as many as 34 goats per acre have been well fed and reared.
5. If running a small farm, raising meat goats is more profitable.
6. Best breed for milk giving goats arethe Indian-origin, Jamunapari. This breed of goats milk about 3.5 kg daily during their lactating season. They are a very large sized goat.
7. Goat farming business is really very suitable for making profits. Goats create valuable products; they are fast growing and easily managed. They need very less care and maintenance than any other livestock animals.
8. The land requirement for goat farming depends on the number of goats to be developed or reared. Usually, ten acres of land is required to raise 500 goats including shed construction area. If you are planning to begin with a minimal quantity of goats, for example, 50 goats, it requires 1 acre of land for rearing these. A goat farm is ten times more profitable than sheep farm.
9. Goat meat has high demand, unlike sheep meat. Marketing of goats is easy as opposed to sheep.