In the world of poultry farming, nutritious feed forms an important aspect of rearing healthy birds. Soybean meal and yellow corn are usually used due to their high fiber and protein content. However, the durability of corn as a sustained feed source is in question due to a rapid increase in world population and production of biofuel from corn. In an attempt to look for other sources of protein for poultry feed alternative feed ingredients are being considered. In this blog, we explore some of them for you:
The nutrient content of sorghum is almost same as yellow corn and it also costs less. It contains high amounts of tannin which can be reduced by various methods to increase the intake of feed.
Wheat bran from flour mills is high in fiber but low in metabolizable energy (ME)which can be increased along with phosphorus intake by simple steam pelleting. Containing xylan,it can be used in conjunction with other grains as a partial replacement for normal poultry feed.
Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS)
DDGS, a by-product while producing bio-fuel from yellow corn and drying, provides good amount of energy, protein and phosphorus and can be a possible replacement for poultry feed.
Date wastes are high in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. The negative aspect of high levels of fiber can be countered by adding multi enzymes in chicken feed.
Millets is a nutritious grain used in dry or drought stricken areas. It can replace yellow corn only partially because of its high levels of tannin and fiber.
Canola meal is the by-product of canola oil production and has higher amino acids than soybean meal. The disadvantages are high levels of fibers,tannins which could reduce nutrition.
Peanut (groundnut) meal
Peanut meal, a by-product of oil extraction, contains high levels of protein. The disadvantage of trypsin inhibitors present in it can be solved by heat treatment during the extraction process.
Peas can be used as partial replacement in poultry diet as they have moderate amount of energy and protein but do not have sulfur containing amino acids.
Palm kernel cake
Palm kernel cake (PKC) is an agro-industrial waste derived from the extraction process of oil from palm fruits. It is used only as a partial replacement for soybean meal because of high levels of fiber and xylans which reduces nutrition.
Insects and worms
Insects are rich in protein and essential amino acids withn high fat content. They can be an alternative to normal protein sources of poultry feed both due to high levels of poly unsaturated fatty acids.
Algae are an important source of unusual protein sources with some types of algae having around 76% protein. They can be used as a partial replacement in poultry feed partially for soybean or animal, vegetable fat.
The use of alternative non-traditional feedstuffs in poultry feed is increasing because of their high nutrition and as a cheap source of protein and energy. Their addition to poultry feed can reduce the total cost of poultry production. If you are considering upgrading your poultry farm or starting a new one, you’ve come to the right place ! Visit AQAI.in for more information.