Best Feed for Goat Farming

16 Nov 2021 01:09 PM Comment(s) By Aqgromalin Team

Goats are known to be not very selective and fussy about eating and can consume leftovers from the house kitchen, herbs grown in the front or backyard, agricultural by-products and wastes from different feeds. They are hardy by nature and can tolerate difficult weather conditions. With tongues equipped to graze on low quality pastures, goats consume various grasses, shrubs and bushes not suitable for other livestock animals. While this makes them quite low-maintanence to breed commercially, they still need supplementary nutrition. 

Here is a look at ideal feed for Goat Farming:


·  Goats should be fed with green leguminous fodder in addition to fodder feed from pulses, wheat, and maize. 

·  Hay is a major source of nutrients for goats other than grass. This hay can be grass or a legume like clover or alfalfa. Each goat needs about two to four pounds of hay per day, which can be given as needed or twice a day.

·  If good quality grass isn't available, dry grass forage of a horse quality is acceptable.

·  Goats require additional feed that contains roughage, for their forestomachs to function well. Almost all plant foods contain roughage. Beans, lentils, wheat bran, pears, andchia and flax seeds are a few of the best sources.

·  An alternative diet is  feed with 14 to 15% protein along with high mineral content like iodised salt, bone meal, zinc oxide, ferrous carbonate and limestone.

·  Young goats are fed around 100 grams of fodder and feed mixture daily and adult ones are given 200 to 250 grams per day.

·  Each goat needs about 5 to 7 kg of green fodder and a litre of water daily.

·  Foods which are useful to mix in feed for goats are whole wheat, oats, corns, and black seeds of sunflower which contain good amounts of protein and fiber helping in digestion and healthy growth.

·  The other foods also useful are barley and field pea which have high protein and mineral content. These have to be soaked for at least two days to be most effective.

·  They can also be given fruits and vegetables rich in minerals, fibre and vitamins such as watermelon, pears, peaches, bananas, grapes, carrots, lettuce, celery, pumpkin, squash, and spinach which they enjoy consuming.

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