New Environment Guidelines for Small and Medium Poultry Farms

15 Nov 2021 12:59 PM Comment(s) By Aqgromalin Team

It has been common knowledge that small poultry farms in India were exempt from environmental laws. However, these farms will also have to take measures similar to large farms to prevent environmental pollution, according to new guidelines.


These guidelines also throw light on the benchmark used to define small, medium and large farms.


·  5,000-25,000 birds </= small farms


·  25,000 - 100,000 </= medium farms


·  100,000 > large farms


Back in 2015, poultry, hatchery and piggery were considered ‘green’ by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). This meant that they were exempt from air, water and environmental protection laws. However, in 2017, there was objection raised against this stating that small poultry farms (with more than 5,000 birds) could also harm the environment and should also be regulated. 

New Environment Guidelines for Small and Medium Poultry Farms


The Animal Husbandry Department, responsible for implementing the guidelines at the state and district level, addresses this with the following mandates:


1.  In order to establish and operate a medium-sized poultry farm of 25,000-100,000 birds, a farmer will have to obtain a certificate of Consent to Establishment or Consent to Operate.

2.  A permission, valid for 15 years, will have to be taken from the State Pollution Control Board or Committee under the Water Act, 1974 and the Air Act, 1981.

3.  Poultry farms should have a ventilated room to reduce the gaseous emissions from bird faeces. Also, care should be taken with regards to waste mixing with running water or any other pesticide.

4.  Removal of birds that die has to be done daily without harming the environment. Burial should be done three metres above the ground water level.

5.  Birds are to be given ample space at the farm and protected from rodents and flies. Mixing and preparing poultry feed should be done in a gated chamber so that dust does not fly during the process.

6.  After use of manure, the water from a poultry farm must be collected in a tank. The guidelines suggest using it in horticulture.

7.  A farm should be set up 500 metres away from a residential area, 100 metres from rivers, lakes, canals and drinking water sources, 100 metres from national highways and 10-15 metres from village footpaths and rural roads.

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