Prevention of transmission of disease from birds to human 

24 Dec 2021 06:03 PM Comment(s) By Aqgromalin Team


A zoonotic disease is an infectious disease that spreads between species from animals or birds to humans  or vice-versa.  Most zoonotic infections that influence poultry are due to infections that arise from feaces contamination of air, food and water. These get transmitted to humans through fungal growth that cause allergies or skin, lung infections. Mosquitoes growing in stagnant feces-contaminated water nearby can also pass it to humans through their bites.   

The most common zoonotic infections in hens are campylobacteriosis, mycobacteriosis avium bacteria and salmonellosis. The chances of contracting these infections can be minimized by vaccination. Good hygiene, like wearing gloves and ensuring handwashing after touching eggs or raw egg products, is also advised even with immunization as it cannot stop the infections spreading through contaminated eggs, meat.

Stopping zoonotic disease at its source in the poultry farm and not allowing it to spread helps to protect staff working there, their immediate contacts like family members and will block spreading the infection to people outside.

Prevention of transmission of disease from birds to human

Preventive measures to be taken in the farm.

1.  Poultry staff should wear gloves, protective clothing and use equipment which is regularly sanitized while touching birds,eggs,feaces,other bird fluid discharges and should wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water after removing gloves especially after feeding the birds or cleaning the areas, clearing bird waste.

 

2.  Visitors to the farms should be reduced to bare minimum and allowed only after thorough checking and disinfection of clothes, gloves, footwear, caps etc.

3.  Staff should not be allowed to visit other farms or raise, own poultry at their homes to avoid infections from outside.

4.  Poultry production in the farm should be from a single source with all birds raised, bred and sent out for sale also in one batch.

5.  Sufficient care should be taken to see that there is no contact with other wild birds or animals.

6.  The breeding, hatching areas should be kept free from rats and insects which spread the infection rapidly.

7.  Bird droppings and organic waste should be removed regularly from the pens and the areas like ceilings, walls, floors, nests should be washed with a disinfectant which is approved for poultry to break the infection cycle.

8.  Consuming food or drinking water, other fluids should not be allowed in places where poultry birds reside or their waste products are kept.

9.  In case of any injuries, the body part should be washed with soap, water for at least 15 minutes and any bleeding should be stopped and covered with a proper dressing or bandage.

10.Eating chicken should be avoided by the elderly, kids, pregnant women and those with poor immunity who are vulnerable to infections.

11.  Dead poultry should be examined, packed in thick plastic bags and taken out at the earliest by a bird doctor.


12.Dead bird removal & disposal should be done first thing in the morning in a scientific manner and any irregularity in  mortality should be reported.


13.  Visitors should be always accompanied by farm staff.


"Aqgromalin provides quality chicks from certified and hygienic hatcheries. You can order from our website (aqai.in) or from the AQAI app - 
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