Tips for Goat care and health

17 Nov 2021 01:15 PM Comment(s) By Aqgromalin Team

Taking good care of your goats and monitoring their health regularly is essential for smooth running of a commercial goat farm. Here are some tips to help you care for your goats and their health.

1.  Timely vaccination should be done for all the goats in a batch through a veterinary doctor accessible on call. Important medicines for treatment of possible diseases and vaccines should be kept in ready stock.

2.  Young male goats are generally very aggressive and should be kept separately from young females to avoid them being attacked and harmed physically.

3.  The latches on the fence or enclosures for goats should be positioned outside to avoid them opening it accidentally and being attacked by dogs and other predators when they step out.

4.  Regular cleaning and removal of muck, dirt, food waste from the enclosures or pens is essential to prevent spreading of diseases among the flock.

5.  The land for grazing, even if enclosed, should be sufficiently large so that the goats can roam freely for their feed. These free-range animals have strong immunity and are less likely to fall prey to diseases and infections.

6.   The food source like grasses, shrubs and bushes should be situated nearby and not too far from the rearing area to aid easy monitoring.

7.  Fresh and clean water should be regularly given in sufficient quantities in order to maintain good health of the goats.

8.  The sheds or enclosures for resting during the day or at night should be large and well-designed to protect your goats from harsh sunlight, cold, rain and storms.

9.   Plenty of straw or dry bedding should be spread over the floor of the shelter or enclosure as goats like to move around and explore and may get stressed if tied up.

10.  The main diet fed to goats should be roughage, such as shrubs and woody plants, as well as hay and pasturage.

11.   Goats shouldn't be fed stuff like garlic, onion, chocolate or any source of caffeine. Citrus fruits should also be avoided, as they can really upset the rumen. Instead, they can be given fruits and vegetables rich in minerals, fiber and vitamins such as watermelon, pears, peaches, bananas, grapes, carrots, lettuce, celery, pumpkin, squash, and spinach which they enjoy consuming.

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